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Abteilung Astronomie

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LEGEND Source code in legend.pro


       Create an annotation legend for a plot.
       This procedure makes a legend for a plot.  The legend can contain
       a mixture of symbols, linestyles, Hershey characters (vectorfont),
       and filled polygons (usersym).  A test procedure, legendtest.pro,
       shows legend's capabilities.  Placement of the legend is controlled
       with keywords like /right, /top, and /center or by using a position
       keyword for exact placement (position=[x,y]) or via mouse (/position).
Calling Sequence
       LEGEND [,items][,keyword options]
       The call:
               legend,['Plus sign','Asterisk','Period'],psym=[1,2,3]
               |               |
               |  + Plus sign  |
               |  * Asterisk   |
               |  . Period     |
               |               |
         Each symbol is drawn with a plots command, so they look OK.
         Other examples are given in optional output keywords.
       lines = indgen(6)                       ; for line styles
       items = 'linestyle '+strtrim(lines,2)   ; annotations
       legend,items,linestyle=lines            ; vertical legend---upper left
       items = ['Plus sign','Asterisk','Period']
       sym = [1,2,3]
       legend,items,psym=sym                   ; ditto except using symbols
       legend,items,psym=sym,/horizontal       ; horizontal format
       legend,items,psym=sym,box=0             ; sans border
       legend,items,psym=sym,delimiter='='     ; embed '=' betw psym & text
       legend,items,psym=sym,margin=2          ; 2-character margin
       legend,items,psym=sym,position=[x,y]    ; upper left in data coords
       legend,items,psym=sym,pos=[x,y],/norm   ; upper left in normal coords
       legend,items,psym=sym,pos=[x,y],/device ; upper left in device coords
       legend,items,psym=sym,/position         ; interactive position
       legend,items,psym=sym,/right            ; at upper right
       legend,items,psym=sym,/bottom           ; at lower left
       legend,items,psym=sym,/center           ; approximately near center
       legend,items,psym=sym,number=2          ; plot two symbols, not one
       legend,items,/fill,psym=[8,8,8],colors=[10,20,30]; 3 filled squares
Input Parameters
       items = text for the items in the legend, a string array.
               For example, items = ['diamond','asterisk','square'].
               You can omit items if you don't want any text labels.
Optional Input Keywords
       linestyle = array of linestyle numbers  If linestyle[i] < 0, then omit
               ith symbol or line to allow a multi-line entry.     If
               linestyle = -99 then text will be left-justified.
       psym = array of plot symbol numbers.  If psym[i] is negative, then a
               line connects pts for ith item.  If psym[i] = 8, then the
               procedure usersym is called with vertices define in the
               keyword usersym.   If psym[i] = 88, then use the previously
               defined user symbol
       vectorfont = vector-drawn characters for the sym/line column, e.g.,
               ['!9B!3','!9C!3','!9D!3'] produces an open square, a checkmark,
               and a partial derivative, which might have accompanying items
               ['BOX','CHECK','PARTIAL DERIVATIVE'].
               There is no check that !p.font is set properly, e.g., -1 for
               X and 0 for PostScript.  This can produce an error, e.g., use
               !20 with PostScript and !p.font=0, but allows use of Hershey
               *AND* PostScript fonts together.
       N. B.: Choose any of linestyle, psym, and/or vectorfont.  If none is
               present, only the text is output.  If more than one
               is present, all need the same number of elements, and normal
               plot behaviour occurs.
               By default, if psym is positive, you get one point so there is
               no connecting line.  If vectorfont[i] = '',
               then plots is called to make a symbol or a line, but if
               vectorfont[i] is a non-null string, then xyouts is called.
       /help = flag to print header
       /horizontal = flag to make the legend horizontal
       /vertical = flag to make the legend vertical (D=vertical)
       box = flag to include/omit box around the legend (D=include)
                 outline_color = color of box outline (D = !P.color)
       clear = flag to clear the box area before drawing the legend
       delimiter = embedded character(s) between symbol and text (D=none)
       colors = array of colors for plot symbols/lines (D=!P.color)
       textcolors = array of colors for text (D=!P.color)
       margin = margin around text measured in characters and lines
       spacing = line spacing (D=bit more than character height)
       pspacing = psym spacing (D=3 characters) (when number of symbols is
             greater than 1)
       charsize = just like !p.charsize for plot labels
       charthick = just like !p.charthick for plot labels
       thick = array of line thickness numbers (D = !P.thick), if used, then
               linestyle must also be specified
       position = data coordinates of the /top (D) /left (D) of the legend
       normal = use normal coordinates for position, not data
       device = use device coordinates for position, not data
       number = number of plot symbols to plot or length of line (D=1)
       usersym = 2-D array of vertices, cf. usersym in IDL manual.
             (/USERSYM =square, default is to use existing USERSYM definition)
       /fill = flag to fill the usersym
       /left_legend = flag to place legend snug against left side of plot
                 window (D)
       /right_legend = flag to place legend snug against right side of plot
               window.    If /right,pos=[x,y], then x is position of RHS and
               text runs right-to-left.
       /top_legend = flag to place legend snug against top of plot window (D)
       /bottom = flag to place legend snug against bottom of plot window
               /top,pos=[x,y] and /bottom,pos=[x,y] produce same positions.
       supplied as scalars, then the scalar value is set for every line or
       symbol in the legend.
Output Parameters
       legend to current plot device
Optional Keyword Output
       corners = 4-element array, like !p.position, of the normalized
         coords for the box (even if box=0): [llx,lly,urx,ury].
         Useful for multi-column or multi-line legends, for example,
         to make a 2-column legend, you might do the following:
           c1_items = ['diamond','asterisk','square']
           c1_psym = [4,2,6]
           c2_items = ['solid','dashed','dotted']
           c2_line = [0,2,1]
           c = [c1[0]c2[2],c1[3]>c2[3]]
         Useful also to place the legend.  Here's an automatic way to place
         the legend in the lower right corner.  The difficulty is that the
         legend's width is unknown until it is plotted.  In this example,
         the legend is plotted twice: the first time in the upper left, the
         second time in the lower right.
           xydims = [corners[2]-corners[0],corners[3]-corners[1]]
                       ; SAVE WIDTH AND HEIGHT
           pos = [!x.window[1]-chdim[0]-xydims[0] $
           plot,findgen(10)    ; SIMPLE PLOT; YOU DO WHATEVER YOU WANT HERE.
                       ; REDO THE LEGEND IN LOWER RIGHT CORNER
         You can modify the pos calculation to place the legend where you
         want.  For example to place it in the upper right:
           pos = [!x.window[1]-chdim[0]-xydims[0],!y.window[1]-xydims[1]]
Common Blocks
       If keyword help is set, call doc_library to print header.
       See notes in the code.  Much of the code deals with placement of the
       legend.  The main problem with placement is not being
       able to sense the length of a string before it is output.  Some crude
       approximations are used for centering.
       Here are some things that aren't implemented.
       - An orientation keyword would allow lines at angles in the legend.
       - An array of usersyms would be nice---simple change.
       - An order option to interchange symbols and text might be nice.
       - Somebody might like double boxes, e.g., with box = 2.
       - Another feature might be a continuous bar with ticks and text.
       - There are no guards to avoid writing outside the plot area.
       - There is no provision for multi-line text, e.g., '1st line!c2nd line'
         Sensing !c would be easy, but !c isn't implemented for PostScript.
         A better way might be to simply output the 2nd line as another item
         but without any accompanying symbol or linestyle.  A flag to omit
         the symbol and linestyle is linestyle[i] = -1.
       - There is no ability to make a title line containing any of titles
         for the legend, for the symbols, or for the text.
Side Effects

Revision History
       write, 24-25 Aug 92, F K Knight (knight@ll.mit.edu)
       allow omission of items or omission of both psym and linestyle, add
         corners keyword to facilitate multi-column legends, improve place-
         ment of symbols and text, add guards for unequal size, 26 Aug 92, FKK
       add linestyle(i)=-1 to suppress a single symbol/line, 27 Aug 92, FKK
       add keyword vectorfont to allow characters in the sym/line column,
         28 Aug 92, FKK
       add /top, /bottom, /left, /right keywords for automatic placement at
         the four corners of the plot window.  The /right keyword forces
         right-to-left printing of menu. 18 Jun 93, FKK
       change default position to data coords and add normal, data, and
         device keywords, 17 Jan 94, FKK
       add /center keyword for positioning, but it is not precise because
         text string lengths cannot be known in advance, 17 Jan 94, FKK
       add interactive positioning with /position keyword, 17 Jan 94, FKK
       allow a legend with just text, no plotting symbols.  This helps in
         simply describing a plot or writing assumptions done, 4 Feb 94, FKK
       added thick, symsize, and clear keyword Feb 96, W. Landsman HSTX
               David Seed, HR Wallingford, d.seed@hrwallingford.co.uk
       allow scalar specification of keywords, Mar 96, W. Landsman HSTX
       added charthick keyword, June 96, W. Landsman HSTX
       Made keyword names  left,right,top,bottom,center longer,
                                 Aug 16, 2000, Kim Tolbert
       Added ability to have regular text lines in addition to plot legend
       lines in legend.  If linestyle is -99 that item is left-justified.
       Previously, only option for no sym/line was linestyle=-1, but then text
       was lined up after sym/line column.    10 Oct 2000, Kim Tolbert
       Make default value of thick = !P.thick  W. Landsman  Jan. 2001
       Don't overwrite existing USERSYM definition  W. Landsman Mar. 2002
            Added outline_color BT 24 MAY 2004

Last modified by pro2html on 2004 May 25 at 04:05 UTC

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Jörn Wilms (wilms@astro.uni-tuebingen.de)
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