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Preprint 05/00

ORFEUS II Echelle spectra: Molecular hydrogen at high velocities toward HD 93521

W. Gringel (1), J. Barnstedt (1), K.S. de Boer (2), M. Grewing (3), N. Kappelmann (1), and P. Richter (2,4)

(1) Institut für Astronomie und Astrophysik, Astronomie, Universität Tübingen, Waldhäuser Str. 64, D-72076 Tübingen, Germany
(2) Sternwarte der Universität Bonn, Auf dem Hügel 71, D-53121 Bonn, Germany
(3) Institut de Radio Astronomie Millimétrique (IRAM), 300 Rue de la Piscine, F-38406 Saint Martin d'Hères, France
(4) now at Dept. of Astronomy, University of Wisconsin, 475 N. Charter Street, Madison, Wisconsin 53706, USA

2000, Astronomy & Astrophysics Letters, 358, L37-L40

Abstract. Absorption lines of interstellar molecular hydrogen in the far ultraviolet (FUV) have been observed in the spectrum of the O9.5 halo star HD 93521, located some 1500 pc from the Galactic plane. During the second ORFEUS-SPAS mission a spectrum with the Echelle spectrometer has been recorded with a total integration time of 1740 s. The resolution achieved was about lambda/(Delta lambda) >= 10.000 with a signal-to-noise ratio of up to 25. For the first time two components of molecular hydrogen have been observed in absorption at velocities of about -12 km/s in the Galactic disk and at about -62 km/s located presumably in the Galactic halo. The column densities derived from a standard curve of growth analysis were found to be N(H2) = 1017.0 cm-2 for the disk component and N(H2) = 1014.6 cm-2 respectively for the component located in the Galactic halo.

Key words: Stars: individual: HD 93521 - ISM: abundances - ISM: molecules - Ultraviolet: ISM

Paper (58k gzip'ed Postscript including figures), astro-ph/0006189

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