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Institut für Astronomie und Astrophysik

Abteilung Astronomie

Sand 1, D-72076 Tübingen, Germany
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Preprint 01/20

Stellar laboratories. X. New Cu IV - VII oscillator strengths and the first detection of copper and indium in hot white dwarfs

T. Rauch (1), S. Gamrath (2), P. Quinet (2,3), M. Demleitner (4), M. Knoerzer (1), K. Werner (1), J. W. Kruk (5)

(1) Institute for Astronomy and Astrophysics, Eberhard Karls University, Tuebingen, Germany
(2) Physique Atomique et Astrophysique, Universite de Mons - UMONS, Belgium
(3) IPNAS, Universite de Liege, Liege, Belgium
(4) Astronomisches Rechen-Institut, Zentrum fuer Astronomie, Ruprecht Karls University, Heidelberg, Germany
(5) NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, USA

To be published in: A&A

Abstract. Accurate atomic data is an essential ingredient for the calculation of reliable non-local thermodynamic equilibrium (NLTE) model atmospheres that are mandatory for the spectral analysis of hot stars.

We aim to search for and identify for the first time spectral lines of copper (atomic number Z = 29) and indium (Z = 49) in hot white dwarf (WD) stars and to subsequently determine their photospheric abundances.

Oscillator strengths of Cu IV - VII were calculated to include radiative and collisional bound-bound transitions of Cu in our NLTE model-atmosphere calculations. Oscillator strengths of In IV - VI were compiled from the literature.

We newly identified 1 Cu IV, 51 Cu V, 2 Cu VI, and 5 In Vlines in the ultraviolet (UV) spectrum of DO-type WD RE 0503-289. We determined the photospheric abundances of 9.3 X 10**-5 (mass fraction, 132 times solar) and 3.0 X 10**-5 (56 600 times solar), respectively; we also found Cu overabundances in the DA-type WD G191-B2B (6.3 X 10**-6, 9 times solar).

All identified Cu IV - VI lines in the UV spectrum of RE 0503-289 were simultaneously well reproduced with our newly calculated oscillator strengths. With the detection of Cu and In in RE 0503-289, the total number of trans-iron elements (Z > 28) in this extraordinary WD reaches an unprecedented number of 18.
Key words: atomic data - line: identification - stars: abundances - stars: individual: G191-B2B - stars: individual: RE 0503-289 - virtual observatory tools

Preprint (534 kb PDF file including figures)

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